Creative industry, one of the keys to economic transformation, enables innovation and improves productivity across other sectors within the economy.Its production includes media, live arts, design, visual arts and scientific discovery.
Internet is the driving force behind the creative economy, in which people’s ideas, skills and creativity should count for all.People from all backgrounds should be able to come up with good ideas given the right skills and opportunities.Digital technology makes it possible to cut out the “middle men” and allow artists to deal directly with their audience.And that might be the best thing to happen to artists in hundreds of years.
In the past Shanghai took for granted its strengths in many industries.Shanghai is facing a potential creativity challenge as its old industries face new sources of competition.The promotion of creative industry could be easy for Shanghai’s efforts to recast its own image.
6.Where was the term “creative industry” originated？()
C.In the United Kingdom
7.Which sector does creative industry not relate to ()？
8.What role does creative industry play in the nation’s economy？()
A.It improves productivity across other sectors within the economy
B.It improves productivity of other sectors within the creative industry
C.It enables the transformation of industry innovation
D.It helps to boom the development of visual arts
9.What have artists been trying to do in the past hundreds of years？()
A.To cut out the “middle men”
B.To deal directly with their audience
C.To come up with good ideas
D.To give the right skills and opportunities
10.Why is Shanghai facing a potential creativity challenge？()
A.Its old industries are meeting with new source of competition
B.It overlooked its strength in creative industry
C.It put too much emphasis on its old industries
D.It failed to recast its own image
W: Oh, yes. It's happening now. You see, the communication industry has made such progress in the last ten years.
What has made working at home possible？
C．Living far from companies.
believe that the government will be able to hold things back for long.
Ever since the war, the government has been carrying out a program of development in the area north of the Arctic Circle. During the past few years this program has had a great deal of success. Tromso has been built up into a local capital with a university, a large hospital and a healthy industry . But the oil industry has already started to draw people south, and within a few years the whole northern policy could be in ruins.
The effects of the oil industry would not be limited to the north, however. With nearly 100 per cent employment, everyone can see a situation developing in which the service industries and the tourist industry will lose most of their workers to the oil industry. Some smaller industries might even disappear altogether when it becomes cheaper to buy goods from abroad.
The Norwegian government would prefer the oil industry to ______
A．provide more jobs for foreign workers
B．slow down the rate of its development
C．sell the oil it is producing abroad
D．develop more quickly than at present
Within 30 years, humans could be debating whether to take charge of their own evolution.
The average life span in the developed world will be 90, diseases will be diagnosed before symptoms appear, many humans will already be genetically modified and patients with heart diseases, cancer or dangerous infections will be treated with prescriptions tailored to their own genetic makeup, according to Francis Collins, one of the leaders of the project to sequence the entire human genome.
By 2010, Collins told in a major international biotechnology forum in France this week, there could be predictive tests for at least 12 hereditary conditions, and scientists would understand the role that genes played in most common diseases. Embryoes developed by in vitro fertilization methods would be routinely scanned for genetic illnesses.
Legislation to prevent genetic discrimination—the creation of an underclass denied health care, employment or insurance because of this genetic knowledge—could be in place within 10 years.
By 2020, the designer drugs based on research on the human genome will be coming on to the market. The pharmaceutical industry would have produced powerful treatments for diabetes, hypertension, heart disease and schizophrenia.
By 2030, if all went well, there should be comprehensive health care based on genetic knowledge, with individual medicine based on individual risk. Doctors would understand better the links between genes and environmental factors. Illnesses would be detected much earlier by molecular surveillance, even before symptoms appeared, and therapies would be more effective and more available.
Collins also foresaw that by 2030, people would be arguing, as British physicist Stephen Hawking already is, that humans could start to take charge of their own evolution by altering their genes to improve the species.
The passage mainly deal with______.
A few parallels may be instructive. If someone copies an audio music cassette for their own private use, they are, strictly speaking, breaking the law. But recording companies have usually turned a blind eye to this practice because prosecuting the few people involved would be difficult, and the financial loss to the company itself is not considered significant. Now the Music Recording Association has announced that it regards individuals downloading music from the Internet as pirates, claiming that they damage the industry in just the same way. "The industry is completely overreaching; it'll be a laughing stock," says Mayes. "They're going to arrest some teenager downloading files in his bedroom and sue him for thousands of dollars! This isn't going to frighten anyone into buying CDs".
Mayes may have a point. There is a general consensus that CD pirates should be subjected to the full wrath of the law, but few would see an individual downloading music for his or her own pleasure in the same light. However, downloading music files illegally is not as innocuous as making private copies of audio cassettes. The scratchy, distorted cassette copy is a poor version of the original recording, whereas an MP3 file is of high quality and can be stored on a CD, for example. It is this that makes the practice a powerful temptation for music fans, given the high cost of CDs.
What does Mayes think about claims that music companies could be forced out of business by people downloading music illegally？ That's nonsense. Music companies are always whining about high costs, but that doesn't prevent them from recording hundreds of CDs by completely unknown artists, many of whom are "packaged" by marketing departments to appeal to young consumers. The companies are simply hoping that one of these new bands or singers will be a hit, and although it can be expensive to promote new artists, the cost of manufacturing the CDs is actually very low.
This last point would appear to be the focus of resentment against music companies, a CD is far cheaper to produce than its price in the shops would indicate, and profit margins for the music companies are huge. An adult with a reasonable income may not object to paying ￡15 for a CD of classical music, but a teenager buying a CD by the latest pop sensation may find that price rather steep — especially since the latest pop sensation is almost certain to be forgotten within a few months. And while the recording industry can't be held responsible for the evanescent nature of fame, given the teenage appetite for anything novel, it could lower the prices it charges — especially since technology is making CDs even cheaper to produce.
This is what Mayes hopes will happen. If the music industry stops exploiting the music-buying public, it can survive. Everyone would rather buy a CD, with an attractive jacket and booklet, than mess around downloading files, but the price has to be reasonable. The problem isn't going to vanish if the industry carries on trying to make a quick profit. Technology has caught up with the music companies, and trying to fight it by taking people to court will only earn money for the lawyers.
Mayes thinks that the recording industry's recent announcement ______.
A．fails to take into account the difficulties of prosecuting offenders
B．makes the industry appear ridiculous
C．will deter consumers from buying CDs
D．will encourage resentment of CD piracy
The word "roots" in the passage could best be replaced by
Fishing typically does not need land ownership, and because it remains, generally, open to all, it is often the employer of last resort in the developing world—an occupation when there are no other choices. Worldwide, about 200 million people rely on fishing for their livelihoods. Within Southeast Asia alone, over five million people fish full-time. In northern Chile forty percent of the population lives off the ocean. In Newfoundland most employment came from fishing or servicing that industry — until the collapse of the cod fisheries in the early 1990s left tens of thousands of people out of work.
Though debates over the conservation of natural resources are often cast as a conflict between jobs and the environment, the restoration of fish populations would in fact boost employment. Michael P. Sissenwine and Andrew A. Rosenberg of the U. S. National Marine Fisheries Service have estimated that if depleted species were allowed to rebuild to their long-term potential, their sustainable use would add about ＄ 8 billion to the U. S. gross domestic product — and provide about 300 000 jobs. If fish populations were restored and properly managed, about twenty million metric tons could be added to the world's annual catch. But restoration of ecological balance, fiscal profitability and economic security will require a continual reduction in the capacity of the commercial fishing industry so that wild populations can recover.
The necessary reductions in fishing workforce need not come at the expense of jobs. Governments could increase employment and reduce the pressure on fish populations by guiding subsidies away from highly mechanised ships. For each ＄ 1 million of investment, industrial-scale fishing operations require only one to five people, while small-scale fisheries would employ between 60 and 3 000. Industrial fishing itself threatens tens of millions of fishermen working on a small scale by depleting the fish on which they depend for subsistence.
The animal source which provides the most protein for human being is_______.
Most of the technology is available (可用的) now, but convincing (说服) more people that they don't need paper to read a newspaper is the next step. But resistance to computer newspaper may be stronger from within journalism.
Since it is such a cultural change, it may be that the present generation of journalists and publishers will have to die off before the next generation realize that the newspaper industry is no longer a newspaper industry. Technology is making the end of traditional newspapers unavoidable.
Despite technological advances, it could take decades to replace newsprint with computer screens. It might take 30 to 40 years to complete the changeover because people need to buy computers and because newspapers have established financial(财经的)interests in the paper industry.
What is the best title for this passage？
A．Computer Newspapers Are Well Liked
B．Newspapers of the Future Will Likely Be on Computer
C．Newspapers Are out of Fashion
D．New Communications Technology
Hollywood (好莱坞) is a suburb of the city of Los Angeles (洛杉矶) in California. Until 1908 it was no more than a quiet village on the northern side of the city, but in that year William Selig, one of the first people to make films, set up a film-producing workshop (车间) in Los Angeles. By 1911 , David and William Horsely had set up another one in Hollywood, and at about the same time oil was discovered in the neighborhood. Thus Hollywood quickly became a big district given over to the film industry and to oil wells
The early makers of films found Hollywood a good place for their work because of its clear, sunny, rain-free weather, which allowed pictures to be taken all the year round. Also, it was known that every kind of scene needed for films, whether town, country, sea, desert or snow-capped mountains, could be found within the area of California. Today, when most films can be "shot" (拍摄) under cover by man made lighting, these advantages (优点) are not so important.
In spite of a drop in its importance, Hollywood remains a center of film production although now making more films for television than for the cinema.
David and William Horsely ______.
A．were the first to set up a film-producing workshop in Hollywood
B．discovered oil in and around Hollywood
C．followed William Selig to Hollywood and settled down there
D．turned Hollywood into a film producing center of the country
Myers is the founder of Auburn University's Institute for Biological Detection System, the main task of which is to chase the ultimate in detection devices--an artificial nose.
For now, the subject of their research is little more than a stack of gleaming chips tucked away in a laboratory drawer. But soon, such a tool could be hanging from the belts of police, arson (纵火) investigators and food-safety inspectors.
The technology that they are working on would suggest quite reasonably that, within three to five years, we' ll have some workable sensors ready to use. Such devices might find wide use in places that attract terrorists. Police could detect drugs, bodies and bombs hidden in cars, while food inspectors could easily test food and water for contamination.
The implications for revolutionary advances in public safety and the food industry are astonishing. But so, too, are the possibilities for abuse: Such machines could determine whether a woman is ovulating(排卵), without a physical exam--or even her knowledge.
One of the traditional protectors of American liberty is that it has been impossible to search everyone. That' s getting not to be the case.
Artificial biosensors created at Auburn work totally differently from anything ever seen be fore. Aroma Scan, for example, is a desktop machine based on a bank of chips sensitive to specific chemicals that evaporate into the air. As air is sucked into the machine, chemicals pass over the sensor surfaces and produce changes in the electrical current flowing through them. Those current changes are logged into a computer that sorts out odors based on their electrical signatures.
Myers says they expect to load a single fingernail-size chip with thousands of odor receptors (感受器), enough to create a sensor that's nearly as sensitive as a dog's nose.
Which of the following is within the capacity of the artificial nose being developed？
A．Performing physical examinations.
B．Locating places which attract terrorists.
C．Detecting drugs and water contamination.
D．Monitoring food processing.
According to paragraph 1, where does the clipper get its name from？
A．The great speed at which the ship moves.
B．The way the ship cuts through the water.
C．The fact that the ship clips time off the trip.
D．The use of the word in an early newspaper edition.